Evaluation of the Dimensions of Anger Reactions-5 (DAR-5) Scale in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder

Forbes, D., Alkemade, N., Hopcraft, D., Hawthorne, G., O’Halloran, P., Elhai, J., …Lewis, V. (2014). Evaluation of the Dimensions of Anger Reactions-5 (DAR-5) Scale in combat veternas with posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28, 830-835.


Background: After a traumatic event many people experience problems with anger which not only results in significant distress, but can also impede recovery. As such, there is value to include the assessment of anger in routine post-trauma screening procedures. The Dimensions of Anger Reactions-5 (DAR-5), as a concise measure of anger, was designed to meet such a need, its brevity minimising the burden on client and practitioner.

Method: This study examined the psychometric properties of the DAR-5 with a sample of 163 male veterans diagnosed with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Results: The DAR-5 demonstrated internal reliability (α = .86), along with convergent, concurrent and discriminant validity against a variety of established measures (e.g. HADS, PCL, STAXI). Support for the clinical cut-point score of 12 suggested by Forbes et al. (2014, Utility of the dimensions of anger reactions-5 (DAR-5) scale as a brief anger measure. Depression and Anxiety, 31, 166–173) was observed.

Conclusion: The results support considering the DAR-5 as a preferred screening and assessment measure of problematic anger.

DOI/Australian-New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry